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As will most childhood problems a squint is almost certainly caused by either a nutritional deficiency during the development of the baby in the womb or damage caused by eating high levels of starchy foods during pregnancy (see Starch Study). This may also be contributed to by the infant being given starchy food in its formative years.
Optical correction is usually successful
The Action Plan can be successfully used on its own or along side the optical corrective work.
Which eye diseases are genetic?
Retinitis Pigmentosa is the most well known genetic eye disease. Many cases of severe eye disease in children such as microphthalmos (small eye), cataract, glaucoma and retinoblastoma, an eye tumour in childhood, are caused by genetic defects.
Many genetic diseases which affect several body systems also affect the eye e.g. Marfan’s syndrome, neurofibromatosis.
It is increasingly recognised that many adult eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma and diabetes are modified by a person’s genetic constitution but it may be that diet is an important factor (See Starch Study).
There are some aspects of most genetic eye diseases that can be treated, but as yet treatment to put right the genetic problem itself is not available for these conditions. There is a great deal of research being done into genetic disorders, and it is reasonable to expect advances in treatment in future years.
The doctors in the USA who pioneered the alternative treatment for Macular Degeneration also found that Retinitis Pigmentosa also responded. Quite why this is if the problem is genetic ‘in the eye’ is baffling. If the problem is lack of nutritional uptake in the digestive tract (genetic) or a problem absorbing the nutrients in the eye then it may explain ‘why’. The simple fact is it does respond at any age and the average person could not care less why it works.
Floaters are the name for these small dark shapes that appear before your eyes floating through your field of vision. They are clumps of protein. They look like dots, squiggles, strands or any of a hundred other shapes. Though annoying, floaters are harmless, and there are ways to prevent them through proper diet.
Warning: If you suddenly notice new spots in your vision, see your eye doctor right away to rule out serious problems. A sudden increase of floaters can be an indication of a vitreous or retinal detachment. People who are very nearsighted and/or diabetic are particularly prone to floaters and retinal tears. If you suddenly see new floaters, make an appointment with your eye doctor immediately.
The Causes of Floaters:
Floaters are usually the result of bits of cells that remain in the vitreous humor after birth and float around when the vitreous becomes more liquified later in life. It is reported that over 50% of people over 70 years of age report seeing floaters.
Dry Eyes/Blepharitis Myths: Dry Eyes/Blepharitis is just a condition of eyes.
Facts: The eyes often reflect a larger problem that needs to be treated systemically. Overview, Dry Eyes: Dry eyes, often referred to as Dry Eye Syndrome, is the most frequent patient complaint to eye doctors. About 15% of the population in all groups experience varying degrees of dry eye syndromes. Like most eye conditions, Dry Eye Syndrome is often related to health conditions in the rest of the body. It is commonly associated with dryness of other mucous membranes, interior body surfaces such as joints and brittle nails. It can also be a sign of digestive imbalances (see Starch Study) or of more serious systemic autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogrens syndrome or lupus erthematosus.
The proper production of tears basically takes place at three layers: * The Mucus Layer – is the closest layer to the corneal epithelium. It is produced by the conjunctival goblet cells, and is absorbed by the corneal surface glycoproteins, creating a hydrophilic corneal surface. * The Aqueous Layer – is between the Mucous and Lipid Layers, and comprises 90% of the tear film’s thickness. It is secreted by the lacrimal gland and incorporates all water-soluble components of the tear film (slightly alkaline at pH of 7.4). * The Lipid Layer – is the most superficial layer. The Meibomiam glands produce it with minor contribution from glands of Zeis and Moll. The secretion is a sebaceous material that is fluid at body temperature, and retards evaporation of the aqueous layer and lowers surface tension thereby allowing tear-film to mould itself to the eye’s surface.
* The Blink renews the tear film by delivering aqueous and lipid to tear film and sweeping away debris. The normal blink interval is every 5 seconds. Tear film is typically stable for about 10 seconds. << back to the start Symptoms: The typical symptoms include dryness, grittiness, irritation, difficulty reading for long periods of time, burning and even the seeming contradiction of excessive tearing or watering. Causes: * Any disruption in the tear production process as described in the Overview.
* Blepharitis can often cause dry eye symptoms due to inflammation of the eyelid margins, which is caused by a bacterial infection (Staphylococci). This condition can compromise the quality of the tear film causing tears to evaporate more quickly. The bacteria produce waste material that can cause a mild toxic reaction leading to chronic red, irritated eyes. Click Blepharitis for treatment.
* Computer Users tend to blink much less frequently (about 7 times per minute vs. a normal rate of around 22 times/minute). This leads to increased evaporation along with the fatigue and eyestrain associated with staring at a computer monitor. Ideally, computer users should take short breaks about every 20 minutes to reduce this factor. Also, adjusting the monitor so that it is below eye level will allow the upper lid to be positioned lower and cover more of the eye’s surface, again to reduce evaporation.
* LASIK surgery temporarily disrupts the ocular surface/lacrimal gland unit. Also, during LASIK, roughly 60-70% of the superficial nerve fibres in the cornea are severed, which impacts sensation and affects aqueous tears. With compromised sensation, the blink rate can slow to the point where the tear film breaks up before the next blink can reconstitute. This may result in mild to severe dry eye syndrome for many months after surgery. This condition usually eventually clears up.
* Diseases that may be associated with dry eyes include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Diabetes (especially when the blood sugar is up), Asthma, Thyroid disease (lower lid does not move when blinking), Lupus, and possibly Glaucoma.
* Age – Tear volume decreases as much as 60% by age 65 from that at age 18. Dry Eye Syndrome affects 75% of people over age 65.
* Hormonal changes for women can cause decreased tear production brought on by pregnancy, lactation, menstruation, and post menopause.
* Other including too much coffee drinking, smoking, wearing contact lenses, air-conditioning or heat. << back to the start Drugs can cause dry eye symptoms:
* Blood pressure medications
* Over-the-counter vasoconstrictors (i.e. Visine)
* Birth control pills
* Appetite suppressants
* Ulcer medications Conventional Treatment: Artificial Tears: Some form of over-the-counter artificial tears is usually recommended. Although they may provide temporary relief, they merely palliate the symptoms. Worse, the preservatives can aggravate the condition, and can even kill corneal cells. Tears that promise to “get the red out” will reduce circulation in the eye, decrease production of the tear film, and worse, eventually make your eyes even drier.
Punctal Occlusion: Punctal occlusion is a procedure used to help dry eye patients by closing the tear drainage canals with silicone plugs, which keep most of the fluid from the surface of the eye. This may provide long-term relief. Complementary Treatment: Almost certainly, lifestyle changes will be needed to resolve the problem in the long term.
See the action plan for details.
Juvenile Macular Degeneration – (see Macular Degeneration for overview).
Macular degeneration is now being detected in children. This may be genetic or as a result of the poor diet of the mother during pregnancy or of the child (some children only eat vegetables 3 times per week).
Whatever the cause the good news is that they respond well to nutiritional supplements and a change of diet. Whatever the medical opinion is, the fact that nutritional intervention is the most sensible option cannot be disputed.
Glaucoma is defined as a collection of diseases that causes optic nerve damage.
Damage to the optic nerve can still happen with eye drop controlled pressures. Nutritional support, supplementation and lifestyle changes can dramatically improve the condition of your eyes.
What is a cataract?
A cataract is a clouding of part of your eye called the lens. Your vision becomes blurred or dim because light cannot pass through the clouded lens to the back of the eye.
The lens is a transparent body behind the iris, the coloured part of the eye. The lens bends light rays so that they give a clear image to the back of the eye – the retina. As the lens is elastic, it will change shape, getting fatter for close objects and thinner for distant objects. The diagram below shows the main parts of the eye.
What causes a cataract?
Cataracts can form at any age, but most often they develop as people get older due to lack of antioxidants in the diet that counteract the free radical damage that is particularly prevalent in the eye. In others and younger people they can result from an injury, certain drugs, long-standing inflammation or illnesses such as diabetes which is subject to extra free radical damage as a result of high glucose levels (see Starch Study).
1. “I’m not seeing as well as I used to”
You may notice that some things seem blurred round the edges, or that your glasses seem dirty or scratched.
2. Seeing double
The cloudiness in the lens may occur in more than one place, so that the light rays that reach the retina are split, causing a double image.
3. Poor vision in bright light
You may find that bright light or very sunny days make it more difficult to see.
4. Change of color vision
As the cataract develops its centre becomes more and more yellow, giving everything you see a yellowish tinge.
A congenital cataract is an opacity (cloudiness) in the lens of the eye that is present at, or develops shortly after, birth.
The human lens is located behind the pupil and has an important function. It focuses rays of light into the retina to allow image formation. As the lens is able to change is shape, it can focus objects at different distances. Its cells are arranged so that it is transparent, like glass or water. When this arrangement is disturbed in any way, the transparency is lost and an opacity results. This results in blurring and blocking of the retinal image.
In the case of a newborn infant, a cataract causes the immature visual system to be deprived of the stimulation needed for normal development. If left untreated, permanent visual loss may occur. It is thought that starchy foods eaten in high levels during the pregnancy or given to the infant in the first 24 months may be the cause of the problem.
Inherited Congenital Cataracts
Approximately 0.03% of newborns have some form of congenital cataract. Most are not associated with additional development problems. Around one fifth of these have a family history of congenital cataract but in up to half of all cases there is no family history. Congenital cataracts at present account for the largest proportion of partially sighted and blind registered children in the UK.
What can be done to help?
1. The Alternative:
The first method must always be to change your lifestyle and take the nutrients that will reverse the problem in the majority of people. Diet and nutrition hast been shown to slow or stop the development of the cataract. See the Action Plan Link at the top of this page
2. Conventional Treatment:
The last resort for cataracts is a small operation to remove the cloudy lens. Laser cannot perform this although laser treatment is sometimes needed afterwards. This is a last resort as although the majority get good results; a small percentage are still left worse off.
Blurred and deteriorating vision is a common occurrence with MS. The reason is almost certainly caused when the myelin sheath develops scar tissue after being damaged during an auto-immune-system attack.
The existing conventional treatments that claim to work do no more than halt the deterioration.
Firstly take the enzyme Serrapeptase (Serrazyme). This enzyme dissolves the scar tissue that is blocking the nerve impulses. This in itself will give a remission. Then put the action plan into operation immediately.
What is diabetes?
About one person in fifty in the UK is affected by diabetes mellitus or “sugar diabetes”. As a result, the body cannot normally cope with starchy foods, sugar and other carbohydrates in the diet (or any food that elevates blood glucose levels).
Diabetes can start in childhood usually by a viral attack. In later life too many starchy foods, sugar and other carbohydrates in the diet usually cause it.
If diet is not strictly adhered to then it will cause complications that affect different parts of the body.
There are two types of diabetes mellitus – one is controlled by insulin injections, and the other by diet or tablets, but they both affect the eyes in the same way (see Starch Study).
If you have diabetes this does not necessarily mean that your sight will be affected, but there is a higher risk. If your diabetes is well controlled by diet then you are less likely to have problems, or they may be less serious. However if there are complications that affect the eyes then this can result in loss of sight.
Why regular eye tests are important
Most sight loss from diabetic retinopathy can be prevented. But it is vital that it is diagnosed early. You may not realise that there is anything wrong with your eyesight, and so regular eye checks are extremely important.
How can diabetes affect the eye?
Your eye has a lens and an aperture (opening) at the front, which adjusts to bring objects into focus on the retina at the back of the eye. The retina is made up of a delicate tissue that is sensitive to light, rather like the film in a camera.
What causes a cataract?
At the centre of the retina is the macula, which is a small area about the size of a pinhead. This is the most highly specialised part of the retina and it is vital because it enables you to see fine detail and read small print. The other parts of the retina give you side vision (peripheral vision). Filling the cavity of the eye in front of the retina is a clear jelly-like substance called the vitreous humour.
Diabetes can affect the eye in a number of ways. These usually involve the fine network of blood vessels in the retina – hence the term diabetic retinopathy.
Your vision may become blurred for a few days or weeks while your diabetes is first being controlled. This is due to the swelling of the lens of the eye and will soon clear without treatment soon after the diabetes is controlled.
This can occur in two forms:
The most serious diabetic eye condition involves the retina and is called diabetic retinopathy.
Background diabetic retinopathy
This condition is very common in people who have had diabetes for a long time. Your doctor may be able to see abnormalities in your eyes, but there is no threat to your sight.
There are two types of diabetic retinopathy that can damage your sight. Both involve the fine network of blood vessels in the retina. They are described below.
This happens when the blood vessels in the retina start to leak.
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Sometimes diabetes can cause the blood vessels in the retina to become blocked. If this happens then new blood vessels form in the eye. This is nature’s way of trying to repair the damage so that the retina has a new blood supply.
Unfortunately these new blood vessels are weak. They are also in the wrong place – growing on the surface of the retina and into the vitreous jelly. As a result these blood vessels can bleed very easily and cause scar tissue to form in the eye. The scarring pulls and distorts the retina. When the retina is pulled out of position this is called retinal detachment.
With treatment most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be prevented if caught early enough.
Most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be prevented by laser treatment if it is given early enough. It is important to realise however that laser treatment aims to save the sight you have – not to make it better. The laser, a beam of high intensity light, can be focused with extreme precision. So the blood vessels that are leaking fluid into the retina can be sealed.
If new blood vessels are growing, more extensive laser treatment has to be carried out. In eight out of ten cases laser treatment causes the new blood vessels to disappear. It can leave you worse off in the other 20% of cases.
Most sight-threatening diabetic problems can be prevented by diet, nutrition and Micro-current stimulation. If you have already had laser treatment then you may not get the recovery a well as someone who has not had laser. The critical thing is to follow the diet in the action plan.